Archive for the ‘Scoville Scale’ Category
Growing Chillies would like to finally announce that we are selling chili seeds!!!
Not only can we provide as much information as possible to you readers about the different chili plants and how to grow them but you can purchase the very seeds we are writing about.
Please head on over to the Chilli Seeds page and buy some today.
Not only are seeds for sale but some great chilli kits are available too.
Shopping is safe as it uses the well known and trusted amazon site.
Please view our article on the Scoville Scale to find out exactly how it works.
This page displays the Scoville Rankings for each chili and will be updated regularly.
If you would like us to put your favorite chili on the scale please contact us.
Scoville Scale Units
|15-16 Million||Pure Capsaicin|
|5 Million||Police Grade Pepper Spray|
|1 Million||Naga Jolokia (ghost chili)|
|300 000||Habanero, Piri Piri|
|100 000||Birds Eye Chili, Thai Pepper|
|50 000||Tabasco, Cayenne|
|20 000||Peter Pepper|
|5000 – 8000||Jalapeno, paprika|
|3000 – 5000||Pimento (cherry Pepper)|
The worlds hottest pepper is officially the Naga Jolokia also known as Bhut Jolokia. When translated in Hindi this means Ghost Chilli which is also another common name.
The chilli hails from Bangladesh but is also found in Sri Lanka and India. The Ginnis Book of Records officially name it the worlds hottest chilli in 2007.
To give you a idea on how hot it is, Jalapenos are about 6000 Scoville Scale units, Tabasco measures in at about 195000 scoville scale units, and the Naga Jolokia is a burning 1 million scoville scale units. this is about 400 times stronger then Tabasco. When eating this chilli it BURNS!! then it gets worse. Effects can last up to 30min. Milk can help sooth the burning but will not eliminate it.
Here is a video i found on youtube where a crazy man tries the worlds hottest pepper. I must warn i would not try this at home.
Characteristics of the Naga Jolokia/Bhut Jolokia Chillie plant
Plant height 45–120 cm
Stem color Green
Leaf color Green
Leaf size 10-14.5cm by 5.5-7.5cm
Leaf width 5.4–7.5 cm
Fruit color at maturity Red
Fruit shape Sub-conical to conical
Fruit length 5–9 cm
Fruit width at shoulder 2.5–3 cm
Fruit weight 6–9 grams
Fruit surface Rough, uneven
Seed color Light tan
Seeds per chillie 19–35
This chillie is so hot that In 2009, scientists at India’s Defense Research and Development Organisation announced plans to use the chillies in hand grenades, as a non lethal way to flush out terrorists from their hideouts and to control rioters. It will also be developed into pepper spray as a self defense product.
We would love to hear from you if you have tried this chilli or grown it. We hope to obtain some Naga Jolokia/Bhut Jolokia Seeds shortly.
The Scoville scale is the world recognised scale for measuring the heat in chillies and other peppers.
The Scoville scale was created in the early 1900’s by Wilbur L. Scoville who was a pharmacist.
Scoville’s method was simple. He soaked each different variety of pepper separately in alcohol overnight. Because capsaicin is soluble in alcohol, the soaking extracted the pungent chemicals from the pod. Then he took a precise measure of the extract and to it added sweetened water in incremental portions until the heat was barely detectable on his tongue.
In the case of Japan chilies, it took sweetened water in volumes between 20,000 to 30,000 times the pepper extract before the heat was barely discernible. He thus rated the Japan chilies 20,000 to 30,000 Scoville Heat Units. Jalapenos were rated 3,000 to 5,000, and Tabasco 30,000 to 50,000. The hottest chillies Scoville tested was a naga jolokia which is primarily found native in Bangladesh which he measured at 850,000-1,000,000 Scoville units.
Scoville’s name has since become closely associated with the measure of pungency (heat), but the oral test is now being slowly replaced by a modern machine (High Pressure Liquid Chromatograph) that is as sensitive as the human tongue and unlink Scovilles method numerous tests can be conducted each day.
When choosing to Grow Chilli looks at the Scoville scale and choose a chilli that will suit your tastes. My favorite is birds eye chilli but they are quite hot coming in at about 50,000-100,000 scoville units.