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Anaheim Chili Peppers and How to Grow

 

Anaheim chili peppers, also known as New Mexican chile, was first grown in Hatch Valley in New Mexico, California. It is a mild type of chili pepper that scores in between 500 – 2,500 in the Scoville heat rating. The thick walled pepper can add both sweet and spicy taste to your dishes. It is a tradition for the New

Mexicans to string together dried anaheim peppers to make chili ornaments.

Growing Anaheim pepper starts with sowing the seeds indoor in a seedling tray with shallow potting medium. Each seed is to be sown ¼ inch deep in the potting medium. To create an ideal condition, you can place the tray near the window where there is some sunlight and use a heat mat to keep it warm.

After 2 – 3 weeks, you can transplant the pepper plant to a sunny area in the garden. During transplanting, the soil temperature must be above 55 degree Fahrenheit and the day time temperature must be above 65 degree Fahrenheit. Anaheim pepper requires light and well drained soil. If your soil is heavy like clay soil, you can add compost or sand to make it lighter. Compost can also be added to fertilize the soil.

Prior to transplanting, you can perform a soil test to check the soil pH. The ideal soil pH for growing Anaheim pepper is in between 5.5 – 7. If the soil has low pH, you can raise it by adding limestone. Adding sulfur can reduce the pH of the soil. If you live in a cool region, it is recommended that you use black plastic to mulch the soil so as to keep the young plants warm. Mulching also helps to prevent weeds from growing.

The seed should be planted in rows that are at least 1 feet apart and each seed should be spaced at least 2 feet apart. If you are growing in a raised bed, the seeds should be planted about 14 inches apart. It is important to water the plant consistently. You must take care not to water it too much as it can cause the plant and fruit to rot.

Healthy Anaheim pepper plant can reach up to 18 – 24 inches tall. You must wait for at least 74 – 80 days to harvest the fruits. When the first fruit appear, you can fertilizer it with a 5-10-10 fertilizer. As a rule of thumb, you should avoid using too much nitrogen as it can reduce the fruit growth.

Each pepper can grow up to 7.5 inches long. When unripe, it is light green in color but it will turn into deep red color when fully mature. It will be laden with heavy fruit in the summer if the temperature at night is not higher than 90 degrees.

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Growing Chillies – Bhut Jolokia Worlds Hottest Pepper – Part 2

Bhut Jolokia Sprouts

After a long week wait and constant watering the Bhut Jolokia Seeds a single sprout emerged. I was a bit upset to see just 1. After reading my notes on the plant I then decided to leave the sprout and seeds as is and watered waiting for more sprouts to hopefully emerge. I’m glad I did because as the days past I noticed more and more green shoots popping out of the soil. Our Bhut Jolokia plants life has begun.

In fact these leaf looking things are called cotyledons which is part of the seed and serve as food sources until true leaves form. While the plant has no true leaves its not ready to move. I waited another week before i started to notice true leaves growing. While the chili plant is growing its true leaves the cotyledons are no longer needed, therefor it will die and drop off. This is when the plant begins to photosyntheise (the process that converts carbon dioxide into organic nuteriats, using the energy from sunlight) so the sprout container must be moved into a sunny area.

Once the sprouts are healthy with 4 leaves its time for the next big step. We must transplant the young chili trees into their adolescent pots. Choose a pot that is 3-5 inches tall. This will be the plants home for the next couple of months and will allow the growing chillie plant to establish a solid root system and grow. Transplanting a chili plant is delicate work as they are quite fragile especially at this young age. Ensure you minimize the root disturbance when you are separating the sprouts and if there is too much of a tangle it is best to choose the strongest looking ones and chop the other sprout. Do not transplant during the hottest part of the day, pick a cool time such as late afternoon.

Once the chili plants are setup in their new pot and had a few days to settle down fertilization is essential. Use a balanced fertilizer preferably one high in nitrogen and potassium, to encourage good roots and healthy growth.

Going forward the plant should be slowly introduced to full sunlit conditions. The Bhut Jolokia plant will need lots of sunlight and a daily watering. The next step we will need to take is move the plant to a bigger pot but this wont be for 2-3 months.

Follow my steps for transplanting your seedlings.

1. Ensure you have setup some new pots for the young plants, they should be about 3-5inches tall to accommodate a few months of growing. It needs to be filled with a good potting mix with plenty of drainage.
2. Loosen the soil that is currently holding the chili plants, do so by squeezing the containers sides. Once loose enough you should be able to carefully tip out the young chilli sprouts

3. Thin the sprouts if you can but be gentle, if you cant separate the chili sprouts your better off cutting the less healthy looking ones then damaging the roots of all.
4. Only handle the leaves of the chillie plant, the stem is very fragile and if injured will end the plants life, leaves will always grow back.
5. Make a hole in the soil of the new pots with your finger big enough for the sprouts to be placed in. Carefully move the chili sprouts into the new pot and lightly pack the soil in so the plant is held firmly and in a upright position.

6. Water the plant well and and put in a calm but sunny place.
7. A week later fertinilise with a high in nitrogen and potassium product.

Bhut Jolokia Plant

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How to Grow Chillies – Bhut Jolokia Worlds Hottest Pepper – Part 1

This guide will follow the exact steps I took to grow the Bhut Jolokia. From obtaining the chilli seeds to harvesting the first fruit. It should take 4-6 months for the process to be complete and we encourage you to join along with your favorite hot chili.

Thanks to Auki Henry co-founder of HighRPM and the maker of How to make a cosmopolitan for his kind donation of the Bhut Jolokia chillie. A nice big fat chili was given to me to remove the seeds and start the growing chili process.

The first step was to cut the chili in half to get the Bhut Jolokia seeds. Great care was taken not to get the chili oils or seeds on my hands. Handling was done from the stem only and a sharp knife was used to remove the bhut jolokia seeds. This was a simple process which involved cutting the chili in half then cutting out the seeds.

WARNING: the Bhut Jonokia / Naga Jonokia is the world’s hottest pepper. The scoville scale rating is 1million scoville units. Extreme care must be taken to prevent contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Handing the chili or the seeds should be avoided and if you need to do so wear disposable gloves.

Once the seeds were extracted from the chillie we had to soak them in water for 20min. This will make the seed softer and water the inner seed to start the growing process.

Once the seeds were nice and wet they were ready to plant. We simply used a plastic cup filled with normal potting soil to germinate the seeds. We placed the seeds in the cup and covered them with no more then 5-10mm of soil. We watered the seeds well and ensured all the soil was moist. Keeping the soil moist in the next week or so is vital. The seeds need water to grow and the seeds must stay soft so that the sprout can break out and start to grow.

for the germination process we recommend placing the chili seeds in the most warm and humid location as possible, but not in direct sunlight.

We hope to have half a dozen sprouts penetrate the soil in the next 7-10 days. Please return to the site to see the next installment.

Happy chili growing readers.

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