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Wilting Chili Plants

When chili pepper plants wilt, you should pay attention as something is wrong!
Sometimes, chilli peppers wilt because they’re baking in the hot, hot sun. Another cause of wilting chili plants is the amount of water you are providing them, this can range from too little or too much moisture.wilted chili plant

Why do Chili Plants Wilt?

When we get thirsty, our bodies are letting us know that we need more water. It is a feeling we have. Part of the reason for this is that we have a skeleton structure that keeps us standing straight. Green leafy plants don’t have a similar structure, they use water pressure to keep them standing upright. You can think of the plant leaf as being similar to a garden hose. With the water turned off, the hose is limp–its wilted. When we turn the water on, the water pressure inside the hose increases and the hose becomes stiff. The stiff hose no longer looks wilted. Plants work exactly the same way. In order for a plant to maintain its normal shape, it needs a certain amount of water pressure inside the leaves.

Water pressure is maintained in the leaves by the roots which are absorbing water from the soil and pumping it up into the leaves. Leaves naturally loose water, especially during photosynthesis. Water is constantly flowing from the roots to the leaves. If roots can’t get enough water, they can’t maintain the correct water pressure in the plant and the leaves drop or wilt.

If the plant is overwatered, fungal wilt is probably to blame. Spotted wilted pepper plants, leaves that are dotted with brown or black spots, yellow marking on the leaves or stem are sigs of fungal wilt.

Damaged Roots During Transplanting

When you move a plant, it will damage some of its precious roots. It is quite normal for such a plant to show wilting right after being moved.
It is quite common for people to water far too much after transplanting chilis in order to try and fix the problem. Too much water does not help the problem. One solution is to move chili plants in spring and fall when the temperatures are lower and plants are not requiring full energy. At these times of the year, water evaporation from leaves is less and you get less wilting.
If you do move a plant in summer, it will wilt much less if it is covered for a week or two so that it receives less sunlight.

 

How to fix wilting Chili Plants?

Take a careful look at the environment and the soil for clues.
If the weather is hot and the soil is dry, considering covering the chili plant or moving it to an alternate location. Water the soil twice daily ensuring that the soil is moistened and water doesn’t pool. If the soil is already moist watering can make things worse. Do not overwater and considering watering the plant less. Ensure the soil is well-draining.

Prevention is the best cure to avoid wilting chilis.  Take precautions to ensure that the disease doesn’t spread or reappear if its fungal wilts from overwater these are soil-borne and can live in the soil for many years. it will take time before planting in the old location is safe again. Choose a new garden location and keep it free of fungus by increasing drainage and only watering when the top 2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch.

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Chilli Con Carne Recipe

Chilli con carne is a strong and delicious meal consisting of chilli peppers, meat, beats and usually tomatoes. Different seasons may add some new ingredients, such as cumin, onions, and garlic. Also, geographic locations and various recipes involve diverse types of meat and components. The meal is firstly made in Texas a long time ago.  After the creation, it has spread all over America and the world. The first Chili con carne recipes dating back to 1850, so it has been in use for almost 170 years, according to this information. Usually, it is not too demanding to make this meal, and below you will find some simple instructions how to do that.

chilli-con-carne

  • What you will need to make Chili Con Carne
    • 500g ground beef
    • One hot chilli pepper
    • 1 can of concentrated or chopped tomatoes
    • Can of red beans
    • 3 rashes chopped bacon
    • One large onion
    • One bell pepper
    • Two garlic cloves
    • Chili powder, cumin, salt, pepper

 

  • How to make Chilli Con Carne
    • Step 1
      Heat oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add bacon. Cook for 5 to 6 minutes or until crisp. Add beef. Cook, stirring with a wooden spoon to break up beef, for 15 minutes or until browned.
    • Step 2
      Add onions, be pepper, garlic and chopped chilli. Cook for 5 to 6 minutes or until vegetables are soft. Add chilli powder. Cook, stirring, for 1 minute or until fragrant.
    • Step 3
      Add tomatoes and 1 cup cold water. Bring to the boil. Reduce heat to mediumlow. Simmer, partially covered, for 30 minutes or until sauce has reduced slightly.
    • Step 4
      Add beans. Increase heat to medium. Cook for 15 minutes or until beans are heated through and sauce has thickened. Serve chilli with toppings.
    • Serve with pickled jalapeno chillies, light sour cream, coriander leaves and grated light tasty cheese for toppings. These can also accompany the pork tacos.

Some of the recipes also consist different ingredients, so you can find corn, various types of spices, thyme, nutmeg, chocolate, and others. Many things are subject to change, including parts of these recipes. However, it all depends on a taste, and you can adjust your meal according to your wishes. That way, you can make something truly great for yourself and your family. Besides, Chili con carne really is an extraordinary meal. It just needs to be well prepared, and now you know how to do that. Hopefully, this recipe will be enough for you to start with preparation right away.

 

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How to Make Mulch for Chilies

Mulching is usually an easy and simple process that prevents weed growth. Healthy chili gardens always preserve more water during hot days and also have less weed among plants. Except in a garden, mulch can be used for flower protection as well. You can find out how to make mulch easily in the text below.

There are two types of mulch. The first is organic, and the second one is non-organic. For organic chili mulching, you can use straw, grass, chopped leaves, compost, sawdust, wood shavings, paper, scalloped wood, and pine needles.

Non-organic chili mulch materials are black plastic, stones, gravel, and geo-textile. However, this text clearly explains how to make organic mulch, while non-organic mulching is left for a new one.

With organic mulch, it is important to cover the weed that already exists in your garden, and the cover layer should be thick enough. Remember these two basic rules and always follow them. That way, the weed regeneration is prevented, and your garden is safe.

The layer should be from ten to fifteen centimeters thick, while in parts with insufficient sun rays, it should be from five to eight centimeters thick. The structure of mulch can be different, so you can use various materials to make it.

Stores sell corn shavings and wood as a decoration and you can buy them there. Still, it is the best to use your own corn shavings that you made for yourself. Also, if you know someone who has made it, you may borrow a few packs from him.

Fallen leaves can be found almost everywhere especially during autumn. You can ditch these leaves to make free but quality mulch. The fallen leaves can be minced up with a lawnmower that has a grass catcher in the back.

This mulch is ideal for chilies, but it is not suitable for one-year plants because it takes too much time to decompose and may interfere with your cultivation.

The grass is another organic material that can be used for making chilli mulch. It is particularly good for peppers because it contains a large amount of nitrogen.

Pine needles are also useful material for mulch making. Water can easily pass through them, and they gradually break down.

Compost is good material for mulching too. It will enrich the soil, preserve water, and the plants will get a larger amount of minerals from it. Use a thin layer of compost while mulching and put a thin layer of leaves over it. This way, you will achieve the maximum.

Straw is giving the best results in comparison with other organic materials. It keeps moisture, decomposes quickly, and stops weed growth. So you should definitely consider it. However, keep it away from the chili plants because it may attract snails.

 

 

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Merry Christmas from Growing Chillies

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Merry Christmas from Growing Chillies !!

Check out our links for great growing chili gift ideas

 

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Naga Viper One of the Hottest Chili Peppers in the World

The Naga Viper is considered as one of the hottest chili peppers out there. In fact, it takes the fifth place on the scale, according to an official Scoville measurement. Eating this chili pepper is quite demanding and can be a real challenge for the big majority of consumers. Those who have tried this hot pepper described that experience as extremely unpleasant. They say their tears leaked down the face, while their hands and body trembled. They felt the strong heat in their bodies that lasted quite long. It affected all their senses, so they seemed totally shocked.

Clearly, this hot chili is not for kids, and all potential consumers have to be very careful. It is a hundred times hotter than some regular hot chili pepper, so that makes a real difference. The Naga Viper came from the United Kingdom, where it was created by chili pepper farmer Gerald Fowler. He worked for the Chili Pepper Company in Cark and made the Naga Viper in cooperation with them.

It is regarded as an unstable hybrid pepper, produced from the Bhut Jolokia, the Trinidad Scorpion, and the Naga Morich. The parent chili peppers are also very hot, so it inherited that characteristic from them. Because of the hybrid nature, producing is typically unstable, and there is no guarantee of the success. In fact, The Naga Viper is very rear pepper, and you cannot find it everywhere.

However, it does have a quite characteristic look with a light, red or green color and irregular oval shape. The pepper is 3 to 5 centimeters long while the plant is 90 to 150 centimeters tall. The time of germination is from two to three weeks, and the period of maturation is approximately 90 days.

The creator of this pepper, Gerald Fowler once said, “This is painful to eat.” The tongue starts feeling numb and tingles while the throat begins to burn during swallowing. The strong heat can last for more than one hour, and for that time, it is very hard to speak with anyone. However, the chili also stimulates endorphin rush, so you can feel great at the same time. If you are brave enough and want to try one of these, then you might buy its seeds below.

 

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Amazon Prime Day Early Deals Listed

amazon chiliAmazon Prime Day began in the US in 2015 as a celebration of the company’s 20th anniversary. Today, Prime Day is Amazon’s members-only sale held once a year, historically in July. While it began as a one-day sale, 2018 saw the offers last for 36 hours, this year it is rumored to be 48 hours!

 

To make the most of Prime Day you’ll need to get yourself an Amazon Prime membership. Signing up for Prime means you’ll have free access to Amazon’s streaming services, including Prime Video, Prime Music and Twitch. Members also get free access to Prime Reading and Prime Photos for all their ebook and storage needs.

 

Most importantly, a Prime membership gets you free shipping on purchases, no matter the price of the product. This is the perfect time to order your Chili Seeds & Supplies

 

Despite Amazon Prime Day 2019 not having yet arrived, the online retail giant has already unleashed a few particularly nice discounts

 

So keep an eye on your favorite Chili Seeds between now and July 16th.

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Growing Chili Kits


 

Other

 

Caring for Sick Chili Plants

Pepper plants are usually a quite resistant, and they only require a minimal care. That is one of the reasons why many people love to have them in a garden. However, they are not fully immune to different infections, and there are some types of plant diseases that can harm them. Peppers need to have appropriate conditions for growing. It is the first requirement for their successful development. Like other plants, they cannot grow without water and Sun. Regardless of their health conditions, they have to be properly exposed to these elements. If they do not receive enough water or Sun, they would be weaker and therefore more susceptible to various illnesses.

Also, if chilies receive too much water on a daily basis, some disease may occur as an outcome. For example, excessive watering can attract Aphids, which are a real nightmare for chili plants. They are hard to spot at the beginning, and when you finally notice them, it is usually too late, and your garden is already partially or totally destroyed.

Also, poor pollination can be dangerous for peppers, and like misuse of water, it may cause different problems and attract various plant diseases. Some of these are Thrips, Viruses, and Spider Mites. Chemical injury can harm chilies too. It often attracts various illnesses, such as Powdery Mildew, Cercospora Leaf Spot, and Viruses among others. Temperature is also very important for pepper developing. Chilies may have a slow growth if it is too low. They may also fail to ripen because of the same reason. If you notice any of these symptoms, you would know what a potential cause is.

Eliminating the source will eventually cure your sick chilies. Always follow the basic rules to prevent any of these problems. Protect your pepper plants as good as you can. Use enough water and light. Adjust temperature. Expose your plants to sun rays. Use good soil and enough pollination. Avoid chemical injuries at all cost. It is all in your hands. If you create good conditions for your chilies, their illness will pass, and you will have no problems anymore.

 

 

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Easiest Chillies to Grow Indoors

(1)Daemon Red chili or Thai Chili is very suitable for growing indoors. These peppers are quite small, approximately five to six centimeters long. They are usually red and thin. You can grow them at your home, greenhouse or anywhere else inside. The time of maturity is four to five months. After that, they can be served together with a meal. Daemon Red peppers are very hot but delicious chilies. Consumers have an interesting and pleasant experience while eating them.

(2)The Bhut Jolokia is an extremely hot pepper that grows very well indoors. This chili is great for those who love dangerous pepper varieties. It is definitely one of the hottest chilis in the world, so the consumers should be highly careful while eating it. The Bhut Jolokia originates from Assam in Northeast India and can be found in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Furthermore, this pepper is even used by the Indian army, and it is an interesting fact worth mentioning. The Indian Ministry of Defense replaced controversial pellet bullets with pepper grenades. And the Bhut Jolokia is the main component. We have previously posted guides on how to grow the Bhut Jolokia, to read click here.

(3)The Inferno chili is a moderately hot pepper, and it is not as dangerous as these chilies above. Its country of origin is Hungary, and because of that the Inferno is also called “Hungarian Hot Wax.” The pods can be yellow, light green, orange and red. Home breeding is an ideal condition for the variety, however, it should be totally exposed to Sun. The Inferno has a quite usual look with a normal shape and an average size.

The best place for growth is definitely somewhere near a window because they need a daylight and Sun rays. You can even make a small plant on the balcony, and the peppers will grow during summer. To start, you will need the seeds. Fortunately, you can BUY CHILLI SEEDS HERE and the price is pretty affordable. After that, you should also prepare potting soil, water, and a seed tray. If you do not have them, both can be bought online or in a specialized shop.

Their prices vary, so pay attention while buying. When you have all this, the seeds are ready to be planted. Firstly, put potting soil into the seed tray, and then place the seeds an inch down into the soil. Now, they are ready to be watered, so you should do that. Pay attention to your chili plants, watch them every day, and repeat watering when the soil becomes dry.

 

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Serrano Chili and How to Grow Serrano Chili

Serrano chili peppers, also known as Capsicum annuum longum, was originally grown in the mountains of Mexico. The name serrano, is derived from the term sierras which refers to the mountains in that region. Serrano chili pepper is several times hotter than the Japapeno pepper, scoring a Scoville Scale rating in between 10,000 – 25,000. Because of the spicy taste it gives, it is often used in hot dishes like Pico de Gallo. The serrano pepper size is about 1-2 inches and they come in dark green and red colours.

 

The first step is to let the serrano chili pepper seeds sprout and it is done by sowing the seeds ¼ inch deep in a seedling tray. It needs some warmth and sunshine in order to germinate properly. Since you have to put it indoor, you can place a heat mat under the tray and put the tray near a window with lots of sun exposure. Artificial lighting is a good substitute if not enough sun is entering through the window.

 

After 2 – 3 weeks, you can transplant the young plant into the garden. There should be a distance of about 12 – 48 inches apart each young plant. Each row should be at least 24 – 36 inches apart. Peppers like warm temperature so you should plant them in places that get lots of sun. The area of the garden where you plant the peppers should have a fertile soil with a PH between 6.2 – 7. The soil must be well drained otherwise it will cause disease like leaf spot.

 

If you want it to yield heavy fruit, your soil must be rich in potassium, calcium, and phosphorus. In addition, you must regularly water the plant and make sure the soil is moist all the time. If your soil don’t have enough nutrients, you can put 3 – 5 inches of compost above the soil. Organic fertilizer is best used to fertilize the plant.

 

When growing them early in spring, you can use a row cover to keep them warm and protect them from the cold. If a surprise spring frost is in the forecast, it is advised that you use a frost blanket to cover and protect the young plants. The plant tend to do poorly and the leaves may turn yellowish when the temperature falls below 55º F or 12º C.

 

The chili is ready for harvesting in 2.5 months starting from the day you transplant them. It will yield a lot of small waxy green fruits in 60 days. After 80 – 100 days, the green peppers will be big and ripe in red, yellow or orange color. When harvesting, you simply use a pruning shear or sharp knife to nip off the chili pepper. The fruit can last longer if you keep the stem attached. After harvesting the peppers, you can keep them in a air tight plastic bag or plastic container in the refrigerator.

 

 


 

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Anatomy of a Chili Pepper

Chili is derived from the term chil given by the Arawak indians who were the ones that first cultivated it. When Columbus first discovered the chili, he brought it back to Spain where they add the ‘e’ to it. Chili is the oldest spice in the world with archaeological specimens being found that dated to as far back to 7,000 B.C. in New Mexico.

Today, there are many variety of chili peppers including color, degree of spiciness, and shapes. Chili not only add spiciness to the food but it is also rich in antioxidant and rich in vitamin A and C. The anatomy of a chili pepper is comprises of many parts including peduncle, calyx, capsaicin glands, placenta, exocarp, mesocarp, endocarp, seed and apex.

chili anatomy

Peduncle is the short branch on top of the pepper that remains when you harvest it from the plant.

Calyx is the green crown on top of the fruit where the penduncle is attach to. It is the remnant of the flower that has already transformed into the fruit. Preserving the calyx can keep the fruit fresher for a longer time.

Capsaicin glands is the central seed stem inside of the pepper that is joined to the placenta near the top. It is located in between the placenta and endocarp. Many people wrongly presumed that the seeds are responsible for producing the capsaicin glands.

Placenta is the round part on top where the seeds are attached to.

Exocarp is the outermost layer of the pepper which comprises the skin.

Mesocarp is the fleshy part under the skin of the pepper which is also called exocarp.

Endocarp is the inner membrane layer that surrounds the seeds.

The seed inside the pepper has low level of moisture but a high level of lecithin. Chili pepper seeds are edible. However, most people will prefer to discard the seeds as they are hard to chew and do not add any spicy flavor to the cooking. The seeds are hot but they are not the hottest part. The white pith or rib that hold the seeds and the part that connect to the shoulder are believed to be the hottest part. The white pith is about 100 times hotter that the pepper flesh.

Apex is the bottom tip of the pepper fruit. The apex and peduncle are two areas that have the least capsaicin so biting these areas first will be less hotter.

When preparing chili pepper, you may want to wear a pair of glove to prevent the capsaicin oil from coming in contact to your skin. The capsaicin oil in the pepper can burn your skin and cause blistering. If your skin get burned, you can apply some white vinegar to sooth it. Skin burn can occur especially when you are preparing a pepper with high Scoville scale such as Habanero.

 


 

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