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Scoville Scale

The Scoville scale is the world recognised scale for measuring the heat in chillies and other peppers.

The Scoville scale was created in the early 1900’s by Wilbur L. Scoville who was a pharmacist.

Scoville’s method was simple. He soaked each different variety of pepper separately in alcohol overnight. Because capsaicin is soluble in alcohol, the soaking extracted the pungent chemicals from the pod. Then he took a precise measure of the extract and to it added sweetened water in incremental portions until the heat was barely detectable on his tongue.

In the case of Japan chilies, it took sweetened water in volumes between 20,000 to 30,000 times the pepper extract before the heat was barely discernible. He thus rated the Japan chilies 20,000 to 30,000 Scoville Heat Units. Jalapenos were rated 3,000 to 5,000, and Tabasco 30,000 to 50,000. The hottest chillies Scoville tested was a naga jolokia which is primarily found native in Bangladesh which he measured at 850,000-1,000,000 Scoville units.

Scoville’s name has since become closely associated with the measure of pungency (heat), but the oral test is now being slowly replaced by a modern machine (High Pressure Liquid Chromatograph) that is as sensitive as the human tongue and unlink Scovilles method numerous tests can be conducted each day.

When choosing to Grow Chilli looks at the Scoville scale and choose a chilli that will suit your tastes. My favorite is birds eye chilli but they are quite hot coming in at about 50,000-100,000 scoville units.

The Scoville Scale of Hotness

Growing Chillies Introduction

Growing chillies and easy and fun. Young kids to elderly people can grow chillies with minimal effort. Growing chillies don’t require much time to mature and you are able to harvest the fruit which makes them a ideal starting plant for your home garden.
Chillies thrive in warmer climates but can grow in colder places also. I have friends in North Europe who grow them on their windowsill to get maximum warmth.

Growing chillies means that there is always fresh fruit available for your favorit spicy cooking dish and it’s always a nice gesture to give a friend a few chilies.

Chillies can be grown from simply collecting the seeds from the chillies you would buy at the local supermarket or groser. it is however recommended that you purchase chillie seeds from a specialise store to maximise your results.

There are thousands of different types of chillies and choosing the right ones to grow for your climate and taste is essential.

Chilli plants don’t take up much space and can be grown in a pot or in the garden. You can grow them if you live in apartments. We currently have 3 chillie pots and our balcony is no bigger then the average family car.

Things to look out for when growing chillies is that the stems are quite thin and sometimes fragile, sometimes you need to aid them with a support stick or something to lean against. Humans are not the only creatures that want to consume chillies, grubs and other insects like to feed on the trees and must be dealt with accordingly.

Check out our great range of chili seeds!!